BRAIN MAPPRING | test and Techniques
Posted Feb 2018
Posted Mar 2017
~~Before we get into a complete discussion of Right to Privacy and how UIDAI affects it, first of all we need to know what does the word Privacy mean. According to Black’s Law Dictionary “right to be let alone; the right of a person to be free from any unwarranted publicity; the right to live without any unwarranted interference by the public in matters with which the public is not necessarily concerned”.
Article 21 of the Constitution of India states that “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law”. After reading the Article 21, it has been interpreted that the term ‘life’ includes all those aspects of life which go to make a man’s life meaningful, complete and worth living.
In the earlier times in India, the law would give protection only from physical dangers such as trespass from which the Right to Property emerged to secure his house and cattle. This was considered to be the Right to Life. As the ever changing common law grew to accommodate the problems faced by the people, it was realized that not only was physical security required, but also security of the spiritual self as well as of his feelings, intellect was required. Now the Right to Life has expanded in its scope and comprises the right to be let alone the right to liberty secures the exercise of extensive civil privileges; and the term “property” has grown to comprise every form of possession — intangible, as well as tangible.
In India, a failure to provide evidence of identity is one of the major barricades preventing the poor to access benefits and subsidies. Private as well as public sector agencies throughout the nation typically require evidence of identity before facilitating individuals with service. But as of now, there is no nationally acknowledged, verified identity number which both agencies and residents can utilize with simplicity and confident.
The Indian Government undertook an effort to give a clear identity to people first in 1993, when the Election Commission issued photo identity cards. Next in 2003, the Government permitted the Multipurpose National Identity Card(MNIC).
The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) was recognized in January 2009, as an appended office to Planning Commission. The idea of the UIDAI is to provide a unique identification no. (UID) to all the residents of India. The Unique Identity (hereinafter UID) project has been depicted to be a new face of development that technology could bring about. The UID project has also been sold to masses in India as a solution for accessibility to the service delivery, and as a tool for the eradication of ill-governance . Though the UID tries to build up recognition and legitimacy on the basis of transparency, and delivery of good governance there are also issues of larger importance that have gone unnoticed by many. These include issues of the privacy and dignity of an individual being affected by the proposed UID scheme. An alarming fact is that little concern has been raised by opposition parties regarding the constitutionality and human rights implications that the UID scheme could cause. It is natural to have apprehensions and doubts about the effectiveness of implementation of the UID project, as this scheme is traversing through uncharted waters. Thus, it is important to analyze the socio-political implications in the context of the present political economy in India.