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Wushu is both an exhibition and a full-contact sport derived from traditional Chinese martial arts also known as Kung-fu. It was developed in China after 1949, in an effort to standardize the practice of traditional Chinese martial arts, although attempts to structure the various decentralized martial arts traditions date back earlier, when the Central Guoshu Institute was established at Nanking in 1928. The term wushu is Chinese for "martial arts". In contemporary times, wushu has become an international sport through the International Wushu Federation00 (IWUF), which holds the World Wushu Championships every two years; the first World Championships were held in 1991 in Beijing and won by Yuan Wen Qing.
Competitive wushu is composed of two disciplines: taolu and sanda.
Taolu involves martial art patterns and maneuvers for which competitors are judged and given points according to specific rules. The forms comprise basic movements (stances, kicks, punches, balances, jumps, sweeps and throws) based on aggregate categories of traditional Chinese martial art styles and can be changed for competitions to highlight one's strengths.
Sanda(sometimes called sanshou) is a modern fighting method and sport influenced by traditional Chinese boxing, Chinese wrestling methods called Shuai jiao and other Chinese grappling techniques such as Chin Na. It has all the combat aspects of wushu. Sanda appears much like Kickboxing or Muay Thai, but includes many more grappling techniques. Sanda fighting competitions are often held alongside taolu or form competitions.
WUSHU came in INDIA by the sincere efforts made by Late Shri Anand Kacker the founder general secretary of the Wushu Association of India . Wushu Associaton of India is a member of intrnational wushu federation.
SANSHOU : Free Combat - combination of kick, punches, hold, push and throwing technique under certain conditions and fixed rules.
CHARACTERISTICS IN WUSHU METHODS:-
There are six basic characteristics in Wushu.
1. Incorporation of toughness with softness for mental stability.
2. Co-ordination of internal and external (mind and body) activities.
3. The generation and control of chi the internal energy.
4. Stressing inner energy.
5. Continuous and uninterrupted movement of chi.
6. Correct and exact combat techniques.
TAOLU : Routine exercise - WUSHU routines, practiced either bare handed or with weapons , involving various combination of attack and defence, advance and retreat, dynamic state, quickness and slowness, toughness and softness, solidity and emptiness etc.
The bare handed exercises involved different type of forms including Tai-chi which has proved its efficiency in treating chronic diseases such as high blood pressure, pulmonary tuberculosis, heart diseases,headache, backache and also helps in reducing fat. The weapons exercises involved broad sword, short sword, spear, cudgel etc.
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